How Aurangzeb ruled for 49 years as Moghul Emperor?

How Aurangzeb ruled for 49 years as Moghul Emperor?

Aurangzeb has been criticized for many reasons and he is also appreciated for many of his good works. He ruled by spending less on himself for 49 years. He was the sixth Mughal emperor. And he was the most powerful Moghul but he had presented himself as nothing more than a common man. He ruled almost the entire subcontinent for 49 years. Internationally, he is considered as the last purposeful ruler of the Mughal Empire. Aurangzeb had fully established Sharia law throughout the Subcontinent. And this paved the way for enemies of Islam to speak against him.

Aurangzeb was an effective Moghul ruler and also he is the most controversial person because history used to be man handled. And continuously changed (or manipulated) over and again. However, Aurangzeb with an accomplished military had chosen to help the poor and the needy. He could have easily played a rule of supporting only the Muslims. But he purposefully was benefiting people of all religions under his rule. His rule has been the subject of praise, though he has also been described as an ugly emperor.

He built more temples and mosques than he destroyed according to Wikipedia

The destruction of worship places was his intent to pushback conspiracy experts from misguiding the people during the time of Moghul Empire. We Indians are more thankful to the Moghuls than anyone else. We fought against the British. And we cheated the Moghuls.

Again this is unbelievable because, wherever enemies of Moghul Empire used to plan a way to trouble the innocents, he destroyed those criminal places. No one at that time never thought he will be criticized later on. However, he ruled for 49 years without troubling innocent lives.

Read More… History at Best…

Aurangzeb achieved for the Indian Subcontinent with an annual revenue of $450 million in 1690. Under his reign, India had surpassed China to become the world’s largest economy and biggest manufacturing power. Again, who’s to be blamed? Yes, the enemies of Moghul Empire and particularly the enemies including his father Shah Jahan and many others, who were against Aurangzeb. And at present there are so many people, who curse him without knowing about his good works.

More on Aurangzeb & his Good/bad

Aurangzeb memorized the entire glorious Qura’n. He did Hifz and it’s not possible for every Muslim to do hifz. And he learned hadiths. He never enjoyed a luxurious life. His own earnings made possible to take care of his personal expenses and constructions of small mosques. He did hard works including the sewing of caps and trade of his well written copies of the glorious Qura’n.

Aurangzeb has been, a subject of criticism. Let the critics argue and come to the point. Or continue speaking against him as if he was a ferocious tiger. This is so because his policies believed to be against his predecessors’ legacy of pluralism and religious tolerance. And that’s still debatable.

However, his introduction of the Jizya tax over the people involved in gambling, fornication, and consumption of alcohol and narcotics makes people to speak lies as if he did forced conversions. At that time money loving people accepted Islam in order to avoid Jizya tax. However, some historians claim that his policies were too good to understand during his time.

His destruction of temples and mosques has been exaggerated. Aurangzeb employed significantly more Hindus than Muslims in his imperial bureaucracy. And taught Hindus not to curse or kill their daughters.

A Bit More…

Well, Aurangzeb was born on November 3, 1618, in Gujarat. He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan. His mother was Mumtaz Mahal and in whose name Taj Mahal was built. However, on February 26, 1628, Shah Jahan was declared as the Mughal Emperor, and Aurangzeb returned back to live with his parents. Thereafter, Aurangzeb received his formal education in Arabic and Persian. His daily allowance was fixed at Rupees 500/-, which he spent on religious education and the study of history.

How Aurangzeb was Exceptional

Aurangzeb escaped death, when a powerful war elephant attacked him. He rode against the elephant even though he was too young. And also he struck the elephant’s trunk with a war weapon, defended himself successfully. Aurangzeb’s this act was appreciated by his father, who conferred him the title of Bahadur (Brave) and had him weighed in gold and presented gifts worth Rupees 200,000. After this event Aurangzeb quoted as:

“If the (elephant) fight had ended fatally for me, it would not have been a matter of shame. Death drops the curtain even on Emperors; it is no dishonor. The shame lay in what my brothers did!”

Research-Authentic-History

Again, Aurangzeb suffered his father’s displeasure, when he returned to Agra three weeks later. Shah Jahan was nursing Jahanara back to health during that time. Not only Wikipedia, also some reliable sources mentioned that Aurangzeb was dismissed from his position because Aurangzeb left the life of luxury. He lived a normal life. And then how he ruled over the Subcontinent is interesting to know.

Between 1679 and 1707, the Hindu officials in the Mughal administration increased in large numbers. Most of them were Marathas and Rajputs. His increasing employment of Hindus was controversial during that time. His fellow Muslim officials were petitioning against it, which he rejected, and responded: “What connection have earthly affairs with religion? And what right have administrative works to meddle with bigotry? ‘For you is your religion and for me is mine.” He insisted on employment based on ability rather than religion.

& More about Aurangzeb’s rule

However, one of his Rajput officials or nobles as Hindu ruler of Jodhpur, destroyed hundreds of mosques and built idol-temples during 1658–1659.

Aurangzeb was an orthodox Muslim ruler. Subsequent to the policies of his three predecessors, he wanted Islam to dominate during his reign. This is so because he knew learning Islam always benefits everyone.

Historian Katherine Brown had said that: “The very name of Aurangzeb seems to act in the popular imagination as a signifier of politico-religious bigotry and repression, regardless of historical accuracy.” This statement should be taken positively. And it’s crucial for everyone at present times or in future to know true history. Some might change or manipulate history.

However, there are many experts, who store history as it was in their well written history books. The rise of Islam was a chapter in the book for school kids is still an example of misuse of history with unacceptable changes.

Note:

The article is not based upon author’s opinion. The author wants readers to know, what’s right and what’s wrong. Even reliable sources of history need not be always true. And the author is too young to say that this article is truly 100% accurate from the history that he knows. However, he has taken so much content from the reliable history sources. And it’s your wish to believe or not because there are many experts in India, who change history as they like. And that hurts the author.

Aurangzeb was the best emperor because he used his power and wealth to support people of all religions. This needs to be appreciated. It’s again debatable as history needs to be in history books rather than in an article.

Aurangzeb as Moghul Emperor

Aurangzeb imposed a military tax (Jizya) over non-Muslims, who were not fighting for Mughal Empire. And he did this in his second decade of ruling in the year 1679. He never imposed Jizya (Islamic military tax) over non Muslim less fortunate, who were exempted as he knew Islam never allows oppression.

And he did so because Islam favors non Muslims to be helped for learning Islam even if it requires huge loss of wealth. However, there’s no compulsion in Islam, which he was aware of. Further, Aurangzeb levied taxes on Hindu merchants at the rate of 5% as against 2.5% on Muslim merchants. He did so to push them to learn Islam and he failed to attract non Muslims to some extent, this way. They were bothered over the taxes and not over the benefits of accepting Islam.

His Policies & More…

He also maintained similar policy for both proper Hindu temples and proper Islamic mosques, where there were no planning carried out against the Moghul empire. Also he issued land grants and helped a lot towards the maintenance of Hindu temples. He thought if people know their own religion then they’ll come to know about more religions.  

However, he destroyed mosques and temples, wherever he found in those places, people doing illegal practices. Illegal practices include many unacceptable activities. His concern and proactiveness paved the way for him to make the Subcontinent benefit with huge progress.

During his reign, an estimated thousands of Hindu temples were built.

Ian Copland says that he built more temples than he destroyed.

Untold History about Aurangzeb

Aurangzeb was not much interested in architecture and instead he encouraged Islamic calligraphy. Also he constructed a small marble mosque known as Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque) in Delhi. His rule was his concern over life after death.

He supported people of every religion, where he found pleasure of worshiping only the Almighty. And this made him selfless Moghul emperor. He practiced the principles of Islam in a better way than other Moghul rulers and helped people of all religions. Also he constructed many mosques and temples.

He constructed a mosque in Srinagar, which is still the largest in Kashmir.

Aurangzeb’s tough and hard working rule ended when he died at his military camp near Ahmednagar on February 20, 1707. He died at the age of 89. During that time, he had only 300 rupees with him, which were given to charity as per his instructions when he was alive.  

Also Read: Babri Masjid demolition story to keep for future…

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Khalid M Raza

 

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